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Description

Creates, deletes, modifies, and gets Microsoft Exchange contact records, and gets contact record attachments.

History

ColdFusion 8: Added this tag.

Category

Communications tags

Syntax

create 
<cfexchangecontact 
    required 
    action = "create" 
    contact = "#contact information structure#" 
    optional 
    connection = "connection ID" 
    result = "variable for contact UID"> 
 
delete 
<cfexchangecontact 
    required 
    action = "delete" 
    uid = "contact UID,contact UID, ..." 
    optional 
    connection = "connection ID"> 
 
deleteAttachments 
<cfexchangecontact 
    required 
    action = "deleteAttachments" 
    uid = "contact UID" 
    optional 
    connection = "connection ID"> 
 
get 
<cfexchangecontact 
    required 
    action = "get" 
    name = "query identifier" 
    optional 
    connection = "connection ID"> 
 
getAttachments 
<cfexchangecontact 
    required 
    action = "getAttachments" 
    name = "query identifier" 
    uid = "contact UID" 
    optional 
    attachmentPath = "directory path" 
    connection = "connection ID" 
    generateUniqueFilenames = "no|yes"> 
 
modify 
<cfexchangecontact 
    required 
    action = "modify" 
    contact = "#contact information structure#" 
    uid = "contact UID" 
    optional 
    connection = "connection ID>"
Note: If you omit the connection attribute, create a temporary connection by specifying cfexchangeconnection tag attributes in the cfexchangecontact tag. In this case, ColdFusion closes the connection when the tag completes. For details, see the cfexchangeconnection tag open action.
Note: You can specify this tag’s attributes in an attributeCollection attribute whose value is a structure. Specify the structure name in the attributeCollection attribute and use the tag’s attribute names as structure keys.

See also

cfexchangecalendar, cfexchangeconnection, cfexchangefilter, cfexchangemail, cfexchangetask, Interacting with Microsoft Exchange Servers in the Developing ColdFusion Applications

Attributes

Attribute

Action

Req/Opt

Default

Description

action

N/A

Required

The action to take. Must be one of the following values:

  • create

  • delete

  • deleteAttachments

  • get

  • getAttachments

  • modify

attachmentPath

getAttachments

Optional

The absolute filepath of the directory in which to put the attachments. If the directory does not exist, ColdFusion creates it.

Note: If you omit this attribute, ColdFusion does not save any attachments.

connection

all

Optional

The name of the connection to the Exchange server, as specified in the cfexchangeconnection tag.

If you omit this attribute, create a temporary connection by specifying cfexchangeconnection tag connection open action attributes in the cfexchangecontact tag.

contact

create

modify

Required

A reference to the structure that contains the contact properties to be set or changed and their values. Specify this attribute in number signs (#).

For more information on the event structure, see Usage.

generateUniqueFilenames

getAttachments

Optional

no

A Boolean value that specifies whether to generate unique filenames if multiple attachments have the same filenames. If two or more attachments have the same filename and this option is yes, ColdFusion appends a number to the filename body (before the extension) of any conflicting filenames. Thus, if three attachments have the name myfile.txt, ColdFusion saves the attachments as myfile.txt, myfile1.txt, and myfile2.txt.

name

get

getAttachments

Required

The name of the ColdFusion query variable that contains the returned contact records or information about the attachments that were retrieved. For more information on the returned data, see Usage.

result

create

Optional

The name of a variable that contains the UID of the contact that is created. Use this value in the uid attribute of other actions to identify the contact to be acted on.

uid

getAttachments

delete

modify

Required

A case-sensitive Exchange UID value that uniquely identifies the contacts on which to perform the action. For the delete action, this attribute can be a comma-delimited list of UID values. The deleteAttachments, getAttachments, and modify actions allow only a single UID value.

When you specify the create or modify action, the contact attribute must specify a structure that contains information that defines the events. The structure can have the following elements. Include only the elements that you are setting or changing.

Assistant

Attachments

BusinessAddress

BusinessFax

BusinessPhoneNumber

Categories

Company

Department

Description

DisplayAs

Email1

Email2

Email3

FirstName

HomeAddress

HomePhoneNumber

JobTitle

LastName

MailingAddressType

Manager

MiddleName

MobilePhoneNumber

NickName

Office

OtherAddress

OtherPhoneNumber

Pager

Profession

SpouseName

WebPage

 

 

All fields except the BusinessAddress, HomeAddress, and OtherAddress fields contain text; the three address fields must contain structures with the following text fields:

  • Street

  • City

  • State

  • Zip

  • Country

The Attachments field must contain the pathnames of any attachments to include in the contact. To specify multiple files, separate filepaths with semicolons (;) for Windows, and colons (:) for UNIX and Linux. Use absolute paths.

If you specify one or more attachments for a modify action, they are added to any existing attachments; the pre-existing attachments are not deleted.

The Categories field can have a comma-delimited list of the contact’s categories.

If you do not specify a DisplayAs field, Exchange sets the display name to FirstName, LastName.

Usage

The cfexchangecontact tag manages contact records on the Exchange server. Use the cfexchangecontact tag to perform the following actions:

  • Create a contact.

  • Delete one or more contacts.

  • Get one or more contact records that conform to an optional set of filter specifications, such as the last name, job title, or home phone number, and so on.

  • Get the attachments for a specific contact record.

  • Modify an existing contact.

To use this tag, you must have a connection to an Exchange server. If you are using multiple tags that interact with the Exchange server, such as if you are creating several contact records, use the cfexchangeconnection tag to create a persistent connection. You then specify the connection identifier in each cfexchangecontact, or any other ColdFusion Exchange tag, if you are also accessing tasks, contacts, or mail. Doing this eliminates the overhead of creating and closing the connection for each tag.

Alternatively, you can create a temporary connection that lasts only for the time that ColdFusion processes the single cfexchangecontact tag. To do this, you specify the connection attributes directly in the cfexchangecontact tag. For details on the connection attributes, see the cfexchangeconnection tag open action.

attachmentPath attribute

Use the following syntax to specify an in-memory attachmentPath directory. In-memory files are not written to disk and speed processing of transient data.

attachmentpath = "ram:///filepath"

The path can include multiple directories, for example ram:///petStore/orders/messageAttachments. Create all directories in the path before you specify the file. For more information on using in-memory files, see Optimizing transient files in the Developing ColdFusion Applications.

The delete action

When you specify the delete action you must specify a uid attribute with a comma-delimited list of one or more Exchange UIDs that identify the contacts to delete. You can use the get action, with an appropriate filter expression, to determine the UID values to specify.

If all UIDs that you specify are invalid, the cfexchangecontact tag generates an error. If at least one UID is valid, the tag ignores any invalid UIDs and deletes the items specified by the valid UID.

The get action

When you specify the get action, the query object specified by the name attribute contains one record for each retrieved contact. The query object has columns with the same names and data formats as the fields listed for the contact attribute structure, with the following changes:

  • The query object has a Boolean HasAttachment column, and does not have an Attachments column. If the HasAttachment field is yes, use the getAttachments action to retrieve the attachments.

  • The query object has an additional UID column with the unique identifier for the contact record in the Exchange server. Use this value in the uid attribute of the getAttachments, delete, and modify actions to identify the required record.

  • The query object has an additional HtmlDescription column. The Description column has a plain-text version of the description, and the HtmlDescription column text includes the description’s HTML formatting.

You use child cfexchangefilter tags to specify the messages to get. For detailed information, see cfexchangefilter.

The getAttachments action

When you use the getAttachments action, specify a single UID and a name attribute. The cfexchangecontact tag populates a query object with the specified name. Each record has the following information about an attachment to the contact specified by the UID:

Column name

Description

attachmentFileName

The filename of the attachment.

attachmentFilePath

The absolute path of the attachment file on the server. If you omit the attachmentPath attribute, this column contains the empty string.

CID

The content-ID of the attachment. Typically used in HTML img tags to embed images in a message.

mimeType

The MIME type of the attachment, such as text/html.

isMessage

A Boolean value specifying whether the attachment is a message.

size

The attachment size in bytes.

The tag places the attachments in the directory specified by the attachmentPath attribute. If you omit the attachmentPath attribute, ColdFusion does not get any attachments, it gets the information about the attachments. This lets you determine the attachments without incurring the overhead of getting the attachment files.

Use the following syntax to specify an in-memory attachmentPath directory. In-memory files are not written to disk and speed processing of transient data.

attachmentpath = "ram:///path"

The path can include multiple directories, for example ram:///petStore/orders/messageAttachments. Create all directories in the path before you specify the file. For more information on using in-memory files, see Optimizing transient files in the Developing ColdFusion Applications.

The getAttachments action works only if authentication for EWS (Exchange Web Services) is set to basic in the server setup of Exchange. IWA (Integrated Windows Authentication) is not supported.

The modify action

If you specify the modify action, the uid attribute must specify a single Exchange UID. The contact structure must specify only the fields that you are changing. Any fields that you do not specify remain unchanged.

If a contact has attachments and you specify attachments when you modify the contact, the new attachments are added to the previous attachments, and do not replace them. Use the deleteAttachments action to remove any attachments.

Example

The following example lets a user enter information in a form and creates a contact on the Exchange server with the information:

<!--- Create a structure to hold the contact information. ---> 
<cfset sContact="#StructNew()#"> 
 
<!--- A self-submitting form for the contact information ---> 
<cfform format="flash" width="550" height="460"> 
    <cfformitem type="html"><b>Name</b></cfformitem> 
    <cfformgroup type="horizontal" label=""> 
        <cfinput type="text" label="First" name="firstName" width="200"> 
        <cfinput type="text" label="Last" name="lastName" width="200"> 
    </cfformgroup> 
    <cfformgroup type="VBox"> 
        <cfformitem type="html"><b>Address</b></cfformitem> 
        <cfinput type="text" label="Company" name="Company" width="435"> 
        <cfinput type="text" label="Street" name="street" width="435"> 
        <cfinput type="text" label="City" name="city" width="200"> 
        <cfselect name="state" label="State" width="100"> 
            <option value="CA">CA</option> 
            <option value="MA">MA</option> 
            <option value="WA">WA</option> 
        </cfselect>  
        <cfinput type="text" label="Country" name="Country" width="200" Value="U.S.A."> 
        <cfformitem type="html"><b>Phone</b></cfformitem> 
        <cfinput type="text" validate="telephone" label="Business" name="businessPhone" 
            width="200"> 
        <cfinput type="text" validate="telephone" label="Mobile" name="cellPhone" 
            width="200"> 
        <cfinput type="text" validate="telephone" label="Fax" name="fax" width="200"> 
        <cfformitem type="html"><b>Email</b></cfformitem> 
        <cfinput type="text" validate="email" name="email" width="200"> 
    </cfformgroup> 
 
    <cfinput type="Submit" name="submit" value="Submit" > 
</cfform>  
 
 
<!--- If a form was submitted, populate the contact structure from it. ---> 
<cfif isDefined("Form.Submit")> 
    <cfscript> 
        sContact.FirstName=Form.firstName; 
        sContact.Company=Form.company; 
        sContact.LastName=Form.lastName; 
        sContact.BusinessAddress.Street=Form.street; 
        sContact.BusinessAddress.City=Form.city; 
        sContact.BusinessAddress.State=Form.state; 
        sContact.BusinessAddress.Country=Form.country; 
        sContact.BusinessPhoneNumber=Form.businessPhone; 
        sContact.MobilePhoneNumber=Form.cellPhone; 
        sContact.BusinessFax=Form.fax; 
        sContact.Email1=Form.email; 
    </cfscript> 
     
    <!--- Create the contact in Exchange ---> 
    <cfexchangecontact action="create"  
        username ="#user1#" 
        password="#password1#" 
        server="#exchangeServerIP#" 
        contact="#sContact#" 
        result="theUID"> 
         
    <!--- Display a confirmation that the contact was added. ---> 
    <cfif isDefined("theUID")> 
        <cfoutput>Contact Added. UID is#theUID#</cfoutput> 
    </cfif> 
</cfif>